A puppeteer is someone who controls and operates and puppet. That puppeteer can range from many different puppets, such as Marionettes. The performer most likely stands from above and performs the characters. A ventriloquist performers his or her puppet right beside them. And for some puppet shows they use arm rod and glove puppets and perform them from under using a curtain or staying out of the camera angle so you can not see them. Some famous puppeteers are known world wide such as Jim Henson, Edger Bergan, Shari Lewis and many others.